Casting has a six-thousand-year history. It extends back to the Copper Age (Neolithic Period), in which the basic techniques for the obtaining and processing of metal were developed.

 

In Central Europe, the Copper Age began around 4300 BC and lasted until circa 2200 BC; it marks the transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. With the creation of settlements and the beginning of the keeping of domestic animals and plant cultivation, the need for household devices, tools, jewelry, and religious artifacts arose. At the same time, the opportunity to experiment with regional, natural resources grew. Raw materials and goods as well as technical knowledge were spread along early trade routes. Already around 4000 BC, earrings, hairclips, and needles were found in many locations, and provide proof of a sophisticated knowledge of the processing of copper.

 

It is generally assumed that bronze casting had spread since 2500 BC from Mesopotamia to Crete, to Egypt and the Caucasus. A copper industry arose on the Iberian Peninsula, and the export of Cyprian copper began. By the turn of the eras, the technique of casting metal had for the most part reached the point where it is today.

 

In the 19th century, the technique of casting was fundamentally improved as a result of mechanization and industrialization. With the most modern of materials and substances and high-tech processes, precision castings are today produced in all areas of mold making.

 

More about the history of art casting